Panama’s National Energy Plan 2015-2050 suggests that 70% of the country’s energy supply could be renewable after 35 years. The plan was adopted as a long-term roadmap to diversify the energy sector and advance energy access, energy efficiency, energy security and overall decarbonisation of the energy system.
The country has vast potential to develop renewables, including hydropower, wind, solar, geothermal and ocean energy, as well as a range of biomass sources. However, solar and wind developers have faced challenges with the current power-market model, which favours conventional electricity sources. Flexibility measures, combined with updated planning and operational practices, would allow cost-effective integration of these variable renewable energy (VRE) sources.
A Renewables Readiness Assessment (RRA) identifies the actions needed to overcome a country's barriers to renewable energy deployment, with IRENA providing technical support and expertise to facilitate consultations among different national stakeholders. While the process helps to shape appropriate policy and regulatory choices, each country determines which renewable energy sources and technologies are relevant and consistent.