Cities have emerged as a key focus of global climate mitigation and adaptation strategies. This report highlights resource potential, targets, technology options and planning priorities.
Sustainable bioenergy could even out solar and wind variability and replace fossil fuels for industry, transport and buildings.
Advanced liquid biofuels are important for low-carbon transport development. A survey of industry executives highlights regulatory uncertainty as a key market barrier.
This paper examines the potential of hydrogen fuel for hard-to-decarbonise energy uses, including aviation, shipping and other. But the decarbonisation impact depends on how hydrogen is produced.
This report explores the impact of maritime shipping on carbon-dioxide emissions, the structure of the shipping sector, and key areas that need to be addressed to reduce the sector’s carbon footprint.
This outlook shows how through smart charging EV batteries can help to integrate high shares of solar and wind power into existing grids, as battery storage capacity helps to even out the variability of these sources.
Increased use of renewable energy, combined with intensified electrification, could prove decisive for the world to meet key climate goals by 2050.
This first-of-its-kind analysis, undertaken jointly by IRENA and the State Grid Corporation of China, reflects findings from their forthcoming “Electrification with Renewables” scoping study.
Case studies prepared by IRENA in collaboration with ICLEI (Local Governments for Sustainability) and the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) review crucial aspects of the urban energy transition.
As the world strives to cut carbon emissions, electric power from renewables has emerged as a vital energy source. Fuel needs for transport and industry, meanwhile, could be met with renewable-based hydrogen.