Green hydrogen can help to cut emissions in energy-intensive, hard-to decarbonise sectors like steel, chemicals, long-haul transport, shipping and aviation. But electrolyser costs must be cut to make it economical.
As El Salvador continues developing, renewables can stimulate local commerce and industry, help reduce electricity tariffs and improve people’s welfare.
This white paper, developed by the IRENA Coalition for Action, showcases policy measures and financing mechanisms that reflect best practices in community energy and offers recommendations to governments and financial institutions on how to accelerate its development.
Renewable energy targets can reinforce Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), providing a key element for countries to pursue more ambitious climate pledges under the Paris Agreement.
Market expansion for renewable mini-grids depends on establishing trustworthy quality infrastructure (QI). Smart technologies to integrate solar and wind power require international and national QI.
Oceans contain enormous untapped renewable energy potential, theoretically equivalent to more than double the world's current electricity demand.
Offshore renewable energy – including offshore wind and solar power, as well as emerging ocean energy technologies – could support sustainable long-term development and drive a vibrant blue economy.
The transition to renewable-based, energy-efficient heating and cooling could follow several possible pathways. This report outlines the infrastructure and policies needed.
Thermal energy storage (TES) can help to integrate high shares of renewable energy in power generation, industry and buildings. This outlook identifies priorities for research and development.
Renewable-based “green” hydrogen will be crucial to achieve net-zero emissions. This report offers guidelines on how to kickstart it at national and regional levels.