Sustainable pastureland intensification: Making room for energy crops without harming biodiversity

This working paper reviews approaches to sustainable intensification of pastureland that have had a neutral or positive effect on biodiversity of the affected areas and provides examples through case studies. 

  • March 2019
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  • Climate Change
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  • English

Synergies between renewable energy and energy efficiency

This working paper considers how renewables and energy efficiency can work together to contribute to global energy decarbonisation by 2050. It also looks and how this synergy affects energy system and technology cost, and the effect it has on air pollution and avoidance of adverse health effects caused by these pollutants.

  • August 2017
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  • Energy Transition, Benefits
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  • English

Accelerating the Energy Transition through Innovation

Technological breakthroughs are needed to reduce carbon emissions in the energy sector. This working paper examines the basic conditions required to nurture innovation and produce new technologies for a low-carbon future.

  • June 2017
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  • Energy Transition, Innovation
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  • English

Renewable Energy Prospects for India (REmap working paper)

This working paper provides a perspective on the changes needed for India to further accelerate the adoption of renewables, and achieve an affordable, secure, inclusive and environmentally friendly energy system that can address expanding energy demand and socio-economic needs.

  • May 2017
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  • Energy Transition
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  • English
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  • India

Renewable Energy Prospects for the Russian Federation (REmap working paper)

The Russian Federation has set out to increase and diversify its use of renewables, particularly for power generation. Under current plans and policies, renewables would reach nearly 5% of total final energy consumption by 2030.

  • April 2017
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  • Energy Transition
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  • English, Russian
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  • Russian Federation

Bioethanol in Africa: A Case for Technology Transfer and South-South Cooperation

Sustainable biofuels have an important role to play in Africa’s development. Sugarcane bioethanol is currently the most cost-effective commercial biofuel and has the highest energy balance.

  • October 2016
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  • Benefits, Power
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  • English
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  • Brazil, Benin

The Renewable Route to Sustainable Transport: A working paper based on REmap

This working paper draws on engagement with a Transport Action Team of experts and expands on the transport-related findings published in IRENA’s report REmap: Roadmap for a Renewable Energy Future, 2016 Edition.

  • August 2016
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  • Transport
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  • English

Synergies between Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

A joint working paper from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) and the Copenhagen Centre on Energy Efficiency (C2E2) illuminates crucial synergies that can help to ensure a sustainable global energy future.

  • August 2015
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  • Off-grid for Energy Access, Energy Transition
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  • English

From Baseload to Peak: Renewables provide a reliable solution

Solar and wind power continue expanding, constituting almost 40% of newly installed power capacity worldwide in 2014.

  • June 2015
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  • Energy Transition, Benefits
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  • English
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  • Brazil, Denmark

Off-grid renewable energy systems: Status and methodological issues

With more than a billion people lacking access to electricity, local power-generation solutions are essential to provide sustainable energy to all - particularly those consumers expected to remain isolated from national or regional grids for the foreseeable future. Renewable power generation provides low-cost solutions to bring reliable electricity to rural households or island...

  • February 2015
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  • Statistics, Off-grid for Energy Access
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  • English
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  • Bangladesh, China