As Japan moves away from nuclear power plants, it has turned to renewables to diversify its energy mix. Auctions have emerged as a key policy tool for the transition.
Green hydrogen can help to cut emissions in energy-intensive, hard-to decarbonise sectors like steel, chemicals, long-haul transport, shipping and aviation. But electrolyser costs must be cut to make it economical.
As El Salvador continues developing, renewables can stimulate local commerce and industry, help reduce electricity tariffs and improve people’s welfare.
Renewable energy targets can reinforce Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), providing a key element for countries to pursue more ambitious climate pledges under the Paris Agreement.
Market expansion for renewable mini-grids depends on establishing trustworthy quality infrastructure (QI). Smart technologies to integrate solar and wind power require international and national QI.
Offshore renewable energy – including offshore wind and solar power, as well as emerging ocean energy technologies – could support sustainable long-term development and drive a vibrant blue economy.
Oceans contain enormous untapped renewable energy potential, theoretically equivalent to more than double the world's current electricity demand.
The transition to renewable-based, energy-efficient heating and cooling could follow several possible pathways. This report outlines the infrastructure and policies needed.
Thermal energy storage (TES) can help to integrate high shares of renewable energy in power generation, industry and buildings. This outlook identifies priorities for research and development.
Renewable-based “green” hydrogen will be crucial to achieve net-zero emissions. This report offers guidelines on how to kickstart it at national and regional levels.