This paper examines the potential of hydrogen fuel for hard-to-decarbonise energy uses, including aviation, shipping and other. But the decarbonisation impact depends on how hydrogen is produced.
This report explores the impact of maritime shipping on carbon-dioxide emissions, the structure of the shipping sector, and key areas that need to be addressed to reduce the sector’s carbon footprint.
This outlook shows how through smart charging EV batteries can help to integrate high shares of solar and wind power into existing grids, as battery storage capacity helps to even out the variability of these sources.
Increased use of renewable energy, combined with intensified electrification, could prove decisive for the world to meet key climate goals by 2050.
This first-of-its-kind analysis, undertaken jointly by IRENA and the State Grid Corporation of China, reflects findings from their forthcoming “Electrification with Renewables” scoping study.
Case studies prepared by IRENA in collaboration with ICLEI (Local Governments for Sustainability) and the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) review crucial aspects of the urban energy transition.
As the world strives to cut carbon emissions, electric power from renewables has emerged as a vital energy source. Fuel needs for transport and industry, meanwhile, could be met with renewable-based hydrogen.
This report, prepared jointly by IRENA, the IEA and REN21, identifies key barriers and highlights policy options to boost renewable energy deployment.
Switching to biogas as vehicle fuel can reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the transport sector between 60% and 80% compared to fossil-based fuels like gasoline and diesel.
Developing and promoting biofuels for aviation will be essential to reduce carbon emissions from commercial aviation. As a first step, some pioneering airports have already incorporated bio-jet fuel into their refuelling systems.